Searching by Item Type or Kind

To search for files with a particular file name extension, you can simply enter the extension in the search box, like this:

The results will include files that incorporate the extension in their contents as well as in their file names—which might or might not be what you want. You will get a more focused search by using the ext: operator including an asterisk wildcard and a period, like this:

Note

As with many properties, you have more than one way to specify an exact file name extension. In addition to ext:, you can use fileext:, extension:, or fileextension: .

File name extensions are useful for some searches, but you'll get even better results using two different search properties: Type and Kind. The Type property limits your search based on the value found in the Type field for a given object. Thus, to look for files saved in any Microsoft Office Excel format, type this term in the search box:

typeiexcel

To find any music file saved in MP3 format, type this text in the search box: type:mp3

To constrain your search to groups of related file types, use the Kind property. Table 9-3 lists many (but not all) of the options available with this search term .

Table 9-3 Limiting Items in Search Results by Kind

Kind Syntax

Returns as Search Results

kind kind kind

=calendar =appointment = meeting

Appointments and meetings stored in Microsoft Office Outlook, iCalendar and vCalendar files

kind

communication

E-mail messages and attachments

kind kind

=contact = person

vCard files, Windows Contact files, Outlook Contacts

=document

Text files, Microsoft Office documents, Adobe Acrobat documents, HTML and XML files, and other document formats

kind kind

=email =e-mail

Microsoft Office Outlook and Windows Live Mail messages, including messages saved as files

kind

=folder

File folders, search folders, compressed (Zip) files, and cabinet files

kind

= link

Shortcuts to programs and files, internet shortcuts

kind kind

=music =song

Windows Media playlists and audio files in MP3, WMA, or WAV format

kind kind

= pic = picture

Picture files in any indexed format, including JPEG, GIF, Bitmap, PNG, as well as icons and shortcuts to image files

kind

= program

Windows and MS-DOS applications, batch and VBScript files, saved registration entries, Windows Installer packages, and program shortcuts

kind

=tv

TV programs recorded by Windows Media Center

kind

=video

Movie files and clips in any indexed format

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Digital Cancers

Digital Cancers

Get All The Support And Guidance You Need To Be A Success At Protecting Your PC. This Book Is One Of The Most Valuable Resources In The World When It Comes To The Damaging Facts About Computer Viruses.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment