A cookie is a small text file that enables a website to personalize its offerings in some way. The website downloads the cookie to your hard disk and then reads the cookie on your subsequent visits to the site. Cookies can be used for a variety of purposes, such as recording logon information, shopping preferences, pages that you have visited, searches that you have performed, and so on . In general, cookies provide benefits to users as well as to web content providers . They make the websites you visit more responsive to your needs and preferences. To open the folder containing all stored cookies, use the command shell:cookies.
To express your preferences regarding cookies, open the Internet Options dialog box, click the Privacy tab (shown in Figure 6-17), and use the slider to choose one of the following settings:
• Block All Cookies
• Accept All Cookies The default setting is Medium n —
Your privacy setting applies only to sites in the Internet zone. By default, all cookies are accepted in the Trusted Sites and Local Intranet zones.
To make an informed choice, you need to understand the following terms:
• Compact privacy statement Information in a website's HTTP header that indicates the source, purpose, and lifetime of cookies used by that site. (Some cookies, called session cookies, are designed to be deleted when you leave a site. Other cookies have a fixed expiration date—usually sometime in the next decade or beyond.)
• Personally identifiable information Information that a site could use to contact you, such as your name, e-mail address, or home or work address; also, the credentials (name and password) you use to log on to a site.
• Explicit consent Giving explicit consent, also known as opting in, means that you have taken some kind of affirmative step to allow a site to use personally identifiable information
• Implicit consent To consent implicitly means not to have opted out—that is, not to have taken an affirmative step to deny a website permission to use personally identifiable information .
• First-party cookie A cookie used by the site that you are currently viewing. Firstparty cookies are generally used to personalize your experience with a website.
• Third-party cookie A cookie used by a site other than the one you're currently viewing—such as an advertiser on the site you're currently viewing.
Some websites will not function at all if you block their cookies . If you find that a particular site you trust does not let you on with your current privacy setting, you can make an exception for that site and change your setting in Internet Explorer to accept all of that site's cookies, regardless of your current privacy setting . -)
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