Figure 19-9. Setting the formatting options

On the Windows operating system, most disk drives use a fixed sector size of 512 bytes, and because of this, a cluster is typically made up of multiple sectors. For example, if the cluster size is 4,096 bytes, there will be four 512-byte file sectors per cluster. If you create large quantities of small files, you might want to use a smaller cluster size, such as 512 or 1,024 bytes. With these settings, small files use less disk space. With that said, it is important to point out that the disk drive industry is transitioning to large-sector disks. See 923332/en-us for more information.

7. The "Volume label" text box sets a text label for the volume. By default, the label is set to "New volume."

8. The "Perform a quick format" checkbox allows Windows 7 to format the volume without checking the partition for errors. Although this option can save you a few minutes, it's usually better to allow Disk Management to check for errors and mark any bad sectors it finds on the disk so that they aren't used.

9. The "Enable file and folder compression" checkbox turns on compression for the disk. Built-in compression is available only for NTFS. If you select this option, files and folders on the volume are compressed automatically. See the section "Compressing Drives" on page 760 for more information.

10. Click Next and then click Finish. Disk Management will create and format the new volume.

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